Automated censorship in the digital space

, par Arnold Schiller und Tobias Weiskopf, Translated by Nora Teuma

Toutes les versions de cet article : [Deutsch] [English]

Automated censorship in the digital space
Photo : Mika Baumeister

On 23 March, shortly before the vote on the EU copyright reform, demonstrations against upload filters were taking place all across Europe. In this guest article, originally published by our sister edition Treffpunkt Europa, the organisers of the #SaveYourInternet demonstrations in Munich explain what the much criticized Article 13 is about, why they think that it jeopardises the free internet, and what an upload filter actually is.

"Error-prone filter algorithms and levies on links threaten to destroy our internet and our right to the digital freedom of expression," says Dr. Patrick Breyer, lawyer and the German Pirate Party’s data protection expert. But that is exactly what the planned reform of EU copyright legislation will bring about. The free exchange of opinions and culture across online is set to be massively restricted. To prevent this, the petition platform and the civil movement were calling for Europe-wide protests on 23 March 2019.

Article 13 will lead to upload filters

Following this legislative amendment, online platforms such as YouTube will be held directly accountable if users upload content that infringes copyright. Liability would then begin with the upload, not only after the platform has been notified of the infringement by the right holders.

Preventative recognition of suspected copyright infringements is thus required and will therefore inevitably lead to automated upload filters, even if the word itself is not explicitly mentioned in the text of the law. There is a risk that free, legal expression of opinion and creative work will also be blocked as a result, since automatic systems cannot always accurately distinguish between legitimate content and copyright infringements. Moreover, the safety measures provided do not suffice to prevent this. "We do not want a ’filternet’ or machine censorship," claims Breyer.

Smaller platforms cannot meet the requirements

The existence of smaller platforms is threatened by the copyright reform, as many of them will be affected by Articles 11 and 13 ; or must at least fear to be. This is the case even where copyright infringements are currently no serious problem or when such platforms don’t have the resources to take said precautions.

Critics of the copyright reform support the rights of all creative folks and advocate modern copyright laws as well as the democratic regulation of market-dominating internet giants. However, they believe that the reform in its present version will do much more harm than good for the European people.

Upload filters mean automated censorship

With the Europe-wide protests, cross-party alliances call on the Members of the European Parliament to not agree to Articles 11 and 13. They also call on the federal government of Germany to abide by its coalition agreement, which explicitly rejects the use of upload filters for being inappropriate.

Also Jimmy Schulz (FDP), chairman of the Bundestag’s Digital Agenda Committee, spoke of copyright reform with great concern : "I share the fear of many citizens that these upload filters will lead to to automated censorship in the digital realm.” The parliamentarian warned, "They endanger our freedom of opinion and thus our democracy.”

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